Crystal Radio

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I have received a number of emails regarding schematics for crystal radios. After about the third email, I figured that I may as well put one on my page. So here it is. The circuit is very simple with only 5 parts, but performs very nicely when used with the right size antenna.


This is the schematic of the Crystal Radio


Total Qty.
C11Tuning Capacitor (See Notes)
D111N34 Germanium Diode
L11Loopstick Antenna (See Notes)
SPKR11Crystal Earphone
MISC1Wire, Board, Wire For Antenna, Knob For C1


  1. C1 and L1 can be bought, or salvaged from an old AM radio (which is where I got mine). You may need to experiment with the connections on L1 in order to get the best (or any) signal.
  2. You may or may not need the ground connection. I never use it and the radio usually works fine without it.
  3. The bigger the antenna, the more stations you pick up and the louder you hear them. On my radio, I get about 10 stations, 3 of which are very loud in the earphone. Of course, not everyone has room for a 60' antenna...
  4. A 47K resistor in parallel with the earphone will help properly load the detector (This suggestion from

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Crystal Radio
Friday, August 31, 2012 5:39:44 PM
Tony B (old timer)
Crystal Radio
Thursday, September 30, 2010 4:08:11 AM
If you live in a city, you probably dont need the earth connection, as you will get a strong signal friom local stations, but in the countryside the earth becomes essential to receive anything in some locations. It only needs to be a metal rod, preferably copper, about 1-2 metres long, buried in the ground.A lead water supply pipe will do nicely.
Crystal Radio
Friday, March 26, 2010 6:15:56 PM
I built this radio exactly as shown in 1969 and was AMAZED it worked...I was only 8 yrs old. I substitued the diode with a transistor, using only two of its three leads and wound the coil on an oatmeal tube carton with a copper strip as my 'tuner' the cap was from an old radio. BTW, I hate oatmeal.
Crystal Radio
Friday, November 06, 2009 2:37:33 PM
This is a great hobby. One of my first xtal radios was this same circuit!. I even had a radio that was just a diode and an earpiece! If you live close to a radio station and have a good antenna and ground you will either get one station or several at once. My main crysatal radio when I was a kid was a variable loopstick + a 1N60 diode (similar to a 1N34) and a crystal earpiece. I also biult a couple radios that had a razorblade touched by a pencil lead as a detector instead of the diode. I recently just got my first DX on an AM crystal set. The circuit is similar to yours, but with a tapped coil on PVC pipe instead of a ferrite loopstick. NOTE TO NEWCOMERS: A regular earphone will not work. You need a crystal earphone (also called piezo electric).
Crystal Radio
Thursday, October 15, 2009 6:04:48 AM
Is there any kind of inductor or rheostat is needed.......Loop stick anteena has only one terminal ..How to connect both +ve and ground ...Plzzzz reply soon
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, September 02, 2009 9:16:41 AM
There is NO FM radios on that page.
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, September 02, 2009 9:13:52 AM
Can a loudspeaker be used for the circuit instead of the crystal earphone????????
Crystal Radio
Tuesday, July 21, 2009 4:59:35 AM
can we use this device to make light flickers by changing the speaker to LED
Crystal Radio
Friday, May 08, 2009 8:20:19 PM
If this radio is able to use the energy from the radio waves interacting with the antenna coil for power, is there a way to use this as a free energy device too? Turn this into a small charger for example

(Editor's notes: We're only talking a few microamps here.)

Crystal Radio
Sunday, February 15, 2009 3:56:23 AM
Where is the battery or power or it is of without battery?
Crystal Radio
Saturday, January 31, 2009 3:23:15 PM
Crystal radio's require NO power source. they are able to use the energy from the radio waves interacting with the antenna coil. The germanium diode with it's low forward bias voltage is the ideal device for use in this circuit.
Crystal Radio
Saturday, January 31, 2009 3:27:43 AM
its not working properly
Crystal Radio
Friday, July 25, 2008 8:18:57 AM
where's the supply voltage?
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, June 04, 2008 10:50:21 AM
please help me out with the shematics. i dont get for what is there a extention from it a coil or has the wira to be completad in a loop?
cody Williams
Crystal Radio
Saturday, March 29, 2008 12:52:36 PM
I just got done w/ mine.
Felix Addo
Crystal Radio
Friday, March 07, 2008 12:09:12 PM
am not good in electronics so i want you to help me build a crystal radio
Crystal Radio
Thursday, March 06, 2008 1:13:00 AM
This is small and good but what is the value of L1 and C1
Crystal Radio
Thursday, February 21, 2008 5:46:43 PM
please make a crystal radio design that uses a tuning coil and an adjustable audio amp circuit attached please...thankyou :)
Crystal Radio
Tuesday, February 05, 2008 8:39:56 AM
sameer! for L1 40-50 feet of 22 gauge enameled magnet wire & for C1 A 365 pf variable capacitor will run nice. u can also use a 2,000 Ohm earphones insted of Crystal Earphone.
rajesh kumar
Crystal Radio
Saturday, January 19, 2008 10:18:38 AM
i dosnt works so help me
Crystal Radio
Tuesday, January 15, 2008 5:19:56 AM
Can u tell me, In the crystal radio what should be value of capacitor c1 & coil L1.
Viraj K
FM radio n fm microphone.
Saturday, January 12, 2008 9:02:49 PM
Well the site is ultimetum ! Pls can anybody tell me way easiest and cheapest way for preparing the fm radio and also fm microphone with the best results.... also am not having the whole knowledge of joining these circuits..and from where can i get these electronic equipments? Pls anybody help me the earliest !!
Crystal Radio
Friday, January 11, 2008 8:52:00 PM
My question is not where the battery is on a crystal radio, but how can I use a crystal radio AS a battery (in effect, storing the energy)?
Crystal Radio
Friday, January 04, 2008 3:53:57 AM
Plz tell me where should the power supply must be connected. and how to tune different channels... also tell me abt the parts in detail...
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, December 26, 2007 5:32:33 AM
Sir,give me more information about tunning capasitor and loopstick antenna
Crystal Radio
Friday, December 21, 2007 2:35:19 AM
i like to built a crystal radio please help me
Crystal Radio
Friday, November 16, 2007 9:02:28 PM
SIR You have included even a simple circuit so that your dependers could know better . I would like to thank you . bye
Crystal Radio
Monday, October 29, 2007 4:47:16 AM
no power source needed....
Portable AM Radio
Saturday, October 06, 2007 5:06:37 AM
please can someone help me construct a portable transistorized am radio that is tuned to only one frequency (no tuning capacitor} powered by two AA type battery.
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, September 19, 2007 6:34:18 AM
pls, where will the voltage source be connected and also which frequencies does it receive AM or FM ?
shariq noor
Crystal Radio
Thursday, September 13, 2007 2:57:17 PM
its a very good & informative site for the students plz place a project of ups on your site.
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, September 12, 2007 4:36:38 AM
Some of you people need to go back to watching Maury or Springer, as you post ridiculous comments about subjects that are way beyond your scope of comprehension. If you have to ask where the battery is on a crystal radio you obviously need to do more research on circuitry and electronics. WTF research before you post BS
Crystal Radio
Monday, September 03, 2007 7:33:32 AM
how i tune the varios stations.
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, August 29, 2007 4:48:03 AM
please the battery should be connected where. Thanks.
Crystal Radio
Sunday, August 12, 2007 1:01:20 PM
where conect the power
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, August 01, 2007 10:00:32 AM
Dear friends, Please connect end to any tree in your garden , then see for yourself the best results- ! Regards ., From: K R Buddhamani, chennai ,India.
Friday, July 27, 2007 5:19:43 AM
how are you first of all i would like to thank you for this site please i have project 1 for my uni. the requirement to do any project and i give they precentation and report about this project . if you can help me please i donot have ajob i have to applay ajob to help my famialy 3 semester remain to finish my uni. thank you i wait you response thanks yours hamad
Crystal Radio
Friday, July 13, 2007 7:09:44 AM
Great cCrystal Earphoneircuit.Plz tell me,we use any Earphone or only
tijo chalisery
Crystal Radio
Friday, July 13, 2007 5:01:57 AM
sir,i want to do aproject on crystal i need some notes of the devices used in making crystal radio.will you please send me notes on these subject.
Crystal Radio
Monday, July 09, 2007 2:48:20 PM
Hey yah what r ta frequencies? I know itssa FM or AM but which???
shashikant gond malegaon
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, June 06, 2007 5:32:39 AM
In place of IN34 diode I used OA79 and found good result with 2000 ohm magnetic headphones can someone use silicon diode?
ramy refat amin
Crystal Radio
Saturday, May 26, 2007 3:24:37 PM
what the type of antenna on this radio?
Crystal Radio
Saturday, May 12, 2007 3:24:24 AM
Great ckt. *Can u plz tell me why we use the 1N34 Ge diode. *What is the triangle on top for. *Can u post a simple ckt for FM radio.
Len Harrison
Crystal Radio
Saturday, April 28, 2007 7:50:37 PM
I am amazed that your crystal radio works without an earth(ground)_most need one and the experts are always saying a good ground is essential.I have made several crystal radios and none of these will work without an earth. It is rocky where I live and hard to get an earth rod or pipe more than 5ft deep.I have to use a transistor as an amplifier otherwise I would hear very little signal. Thank you for an interesting site. Len
Crystal Radio
Saturday, April 28, 2007 3:57:04 PM
it dose not use a battery i have got a crystal radio the simplest circuit to make email me i will tell you about it thanks p.a jamie astle
md. saiful islam
Crystal Radio
Thursday, April 26, 2007 10:13:59 AM
am bangladeshi reading in an engineering university namely KUET. i am so much interested in circuits as my subject is EEE. this circuit is really praiseworthy and informative. i bless its designer.
Crystal Radio
Friday, April 13, 2007 4:01:57 PM
cmon guys its a crystal doesnt need a gets its power from the antenna...sort of...well from the radio waves then...a long wire antenna is best and a good ground is a must....this circut is a simple one...they can get quite around and see for urself...i just built one with three tuned quite if i could just find a nice soundpowered headset for the right price id be in xtal radio heaven.....this is a good hobby to try ...especially in the winter to receive the most stations..and the most distant ones....its called dxing....try it out...nice site here ...some interesting circuts...thanks to the site owner
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, April 11, 2007 5:58:35 PM
Great code Sir. I wish to know if it works without a battery and if it can receive FM. Please reply.

(Editor's notes: Do you see a battery in the schematic? And no, it's AM only.)

Crystal Radio
Saturday, March 31, 2007 1:40:38 PM
Gud nice project using minimum of components.. can u tell me whch band of frequencies does it catch, and also is it an AM receiver or FM receiver??
Crystal Radio
Friday, March 30, 2007 11:12:37 AM
please i would like 2 know where the input 4 battery will be
Crystal Radio
Wednesday, March 28, 2007 9:26:41 AM
it's nice but i dont know if it uses battery at all, but if does where is it going to connect to and if not how does it work.please send it to my mail, thanks.
Crystal Radio
Monday, March 19, 2007 5:53:03 AM
hey awsome website thanx 4 the info! but sometimes i dont get it lol
Crystal Radio
Saturday, March 17, 2007 1:13:05 PM
cna u tell me plz there is no need of battery if so then itis very good circuit pzl email me tell me about more it (battery)
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